APA style is an editorial style that includes a system for in-text citations and references created by the American Psychological Association. It is most often used by writers in the social sciences. The purpose of this page is to help CBC students cite our subscription databases; it is by no means comprehensive. The examples below include elements useful in CBC papers that may not be necessary when presenting them for publication.
Journal Article with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Example:
Giles, J. (2007, January 4). Social sciences: Life's a game. Nature, 445(7123), 18-20. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database. doi: 10.1038/445018a
Journal Article without DOI
Last name of the author, Initial of first name. Middle name initial. (Publication year). Title of the article: Subtitle of the article. Title of the journal, volume number (issue number), page-page. Retrieved from database name.
Bippus, A. M. (2003). Humor motives, qualities, and reactions in recalled conflict episodes. Western Journal of Communication, 67(4), 413-426. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
(a journal article example)
Woods, A. (2004). Loosening the grip of hypertension. Nursing, 34(12), 36-45. Retrieved from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database.
(a newspaper article example: give the year, month, and day; use "p." for a single page number or "pp." for page numbers)
Glaberson, W. (2004, January 11). Killer's lawyers seek to raise standard of proof for death penalty. New York Times (Late Edition (East Coast) ), p. 27. Retrieved from ProQuest database.
(a magazine article example: give the month for monthly magazines; add the day for weekly magazines; give volume and issue numbers.)
Harder, B. (2004, January 10). Cow madness: Disease's U.S. emergence highlights role of feed ban. Science News, 165(2), 19-20. Retrieved from ProQuest database.
(a dictionary entry example from Oxford Reference)
Stem cells. (2007). In R. C. King, W. D. Stansfield, & P. K. Mulligan (Eds.), A dictionary of genetics. Retrieved from Oxford Reference database.
(an encyclopedia entry example from Gale Virtual Reference Library)
Lerner, B. W., & Davidson, T. (2011). H1N1 Influenza. In L. J. Fundukian (Ed.), The Gale encyclopedia of medicine (4th ed., Vol. 3, pp. 1945-1950). Retrieved from Gale Virtual Reference Library database.
(an ebook example)
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. Retrieved from database name.
Chez, M. G. (2008). Autism and its medical management: A guide for parents and professionals. Retrieved from ebrary database.
Manuscripts for Publication
The 6th edition incorporates changes on how to reference electronic media and URLs. The examples above incorporate these changes except in the preference for database name. If you are submitting articles for publication or if a professor requires, follow the new rules:
For more information:
Listed above are just a few samples. There are many details that may be different even for articles published in the same issue of a journal.
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
(Call Number: Ready Ref BF76.7 .P83 2010 or Med Lib Ref BF76.7 .P83 2010)
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