APA style is an editorial style that includes a system for in-text citations and references created by the American Psychological Association. It is most often used by writers in the social sciences. The purpose of this page is to help CBC students cite our subscription databases; it is by no means comprehensive.
How to Find a DOI
Journal Article with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Example:
(Usually you only need to use the publication year of the journal article, but Nature is a special case. The month and date are given also because it is published weekly.)
Giles, J. (2007, January 4). Social sciences: Life's a game. Nature, 445(7123), 18-20. https://doi.org/10.1038/445018a
Magazine Article with DOI Example
(Give the month for monthly magazines; add the day for weekly magazines; give volume and issue numbers.)
Harder, B. (2004, January 10). Cow madness: Disease's U.S. emergence highlights role of feed ban. Science News, 165(2), 19-20. https://doi.org/10.2307/4014944
When No DOI can be Found
A Journal Article without DOI Example
Last name of the author, Initial of first name. Middle name initial. (Publication year). Title of the article: Subtitle of the article. Title of the journal, volume number (issue number), page-page. Retrieved from http://Journal homepage base URL
Sedaghat, A. R. (2017). Chronic rhinosinusitis. American Family Physician, 96(8), 500. Retrieved from http://www.aafp.org
(Give the year, month, and day; use "p." for a single page number or "pp." for page numbers)
Glaberson, W. (2004, January 11). Killer's lawyers seek to raise standard of proof for death penalty. New York Times (Late Edition (East Coast) ), p. 27. Retrieved from https://nyti.ms/2kZhali
(a dictionary entry example from Oxford Reference)
Stem cells. (2007). In R. C. King, W. D. Stansfield, & P. K. Mulligan (Eds.), A dictionary of genetics. Retrieved from http://www.oxfordreference.com
(an encyclopedia entry example from Gale Virtual Reference Library)
Lerner, B. W. (2015). H1N1 Influenza A. In J. L. Longe (Ed.), The Gale encyclopedia of medicine (5th ed., Vol. 4, pp. 2243-2247). Retrieved from https://go.galegroup.com/ps
(an drug reference entry example from Nursing Reference Center)
Vallerand, A., & Sanoski, C. (2018). Amoxicillin. In Davis’s drug guide for nurses (16th ed). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?profile=nrc
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. Retrieved from database base URL.
Derrickson, J. (2014). Marijuana legalization: State initiatives, implications, and issues. Retrieved from https://www.ebscohost.com
Caulkins, J. P., Kilmer, B., Kleiman, M. A. R., MacCoun, R. J., Midgette, G., Oglesby, P., . . . Reuter, P. H. (2015). Considering marijuana legalization: Insights for Vermont and other jurisdictions. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral.proquest.com
For more information:
Listed above are just a few samples. There are many details that may be different even for articles published in the same issue of a journal.
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
(Call Number: BF76.7 .P83 2010, in Pasco Ready Ref and two copies in Health Sciences Library)
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