APA style is an editorial style that includes a system for in-text citations and references created by the American Psychological Association. It is most often used by writers in the social sciences. The purpose of this page is to help CBC students cite our subscription databases; it is by no means comprehensive. The examples below include elements useful in CBC papers that may not be necessary when presenting them for publication.
Journal Article with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Example:
Giles, J. (2007, January 4). Social sciences: Life's a game. Nature, 445(7123), 18-20. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database. doi: 10.1038/445018a
Journal Article without DOI
Last name of the author, Initial of first name. Middle name initial. (Publication year). Title of the article: Subtitle of the article. Title of the journal, volume number (issue number), page-page. Retrieved from database name.
Bippus, A. M. (2003). Humor motives, qualities, and reactions in recalled conflict episodes. Western Journal of Communication, 67(4), 413-426. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
(a newspaper article example)
Glaberson, W. (2004, January 11). Killer's lawyers seek to raise standard of proof for death penalty. New York Times (Late Edition (East Coast) ), p. 27. Retrieved from ProQuest database.
(a magazine article example)
Harder, B. (2004, January 10). Cow madness: Disease's U.S. emergence highlights role of feed ban. Science News, 165(2), 19-20. Retrieved from ProQuest database.
(a dictionary entry example)
Stem cells. (2007). In R. C. King, W. D. Stansfield, & P. K. Mulligan (Eds.), A dictionary of genetics. Retrieved from Oxford Reference Online Premium database.
(an ebook example)
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. Location: Publisher. Retrieved from database name.
Peeters, T. (1999). Autism: Medical and educational aspects. London : Whurr. Retrieved from netLibrary database.
Manuscripts for Publication
The 6th edition incorporates changes on how to reference electronic media and URLs. The examples above incorporate these changes except in the preference for database name. If you are submitting articles for publication or if a professor requires, follow the new rules:
For more information:
Listed above are just a few samples. There are many details that may be different even for articles published in the same issue of a journal.
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
(Call Number: Ready Ref BF76.7 .P83 2010 or Med Lib Ref BF76.7 .P83 2010)
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